I wanted to add some detail to the write ups already online.
Some of the other write-ups online:
The only way I could even find this leak was by just barely being able to slip my arm and a camera past the heat shields and snap a photo from over the transmission. It helps to have a clean engine when looking for oil leaks, but in this case it's the crystallized deposits that give away a coolant leak. Note that you cannot fix the leak by simply tightening the bolts to the flange. In the first place you can't get to the bolt/studs. Even if you can there is a second nut on each stud securing a pipe. Also the problem is not due to the flange being insufficiently secured to the block.
- Coolant Flange (should come with o-ring already installed) $25 online, $32 dealer. You could probably change only the gasket, but once you go through all the work to get there you'll wish you had forked over an extra $25 for a little more assurance.
- O-ring for the temperature sensor Might as well get a new o-ring as it's about $1. The old one was probably fine and it is possible to get to the sensor removing only the big black crankcase valve above it. You could also buy one of the plastic clips that secures the sensors in case you break the old one or loose it when doing this job or any future coolant changes. A new sensor is about $15 if you want to change that while you're there.
- Pentosin G 12 coolant: $15. It's fine to reuse the old stuff if it's still red (or purple), but you'll loose a little when you pull the rear hose to the coolant flange. It can be the red stuff or the newer Audi purple modified G12+, but nothing else mixed with the factory fill. If you pull a top coolant hose and blow through it after draining that may get most of the coolant remaining in the lines, but I don't know if that would clear the lines to the heat exchanger so that you don't loose any when pulling the hoses off the coolant flange.
- hose clamps (I used 2 or 3 each of large, medium and small clamps)
- zip ties for all that you cut to move wires clear
- Combi-valve Gasket (optional). Mine came off cleanly with the valve so I reused it. It's a hard gasket like on a manifold.
- crescent and sockets: 8 & 10 mm (This is one case where shorter is better!)
- allen-head hex wrenches: 5 & 6 mm
- screw drivers
- needle-nose pliers and any other device you can think of to wrestle those damn Audi hose clamps (I recently googled and read that if you put pliers on the crimped part of the clamp and twist back and forth it will eventually pop open--haven't tried yet)
- magnetic picker-upper thingy (used more than once on this project)
- many hours depending on your clamp removing technique in cramped quarters
- healthy supply of expletives
This is what you're getting into. Some also remove the air filter box. If you have Popeye forearms you may want to do that. I found that removal of the EGR-like Combi-valve (#19 in diag.2) was the key to gaining enough access to the coolant flange.
First get rid of the pipes and combi-valve that are in the way (diags. 1 & 2 from the ETKA).
- Heat shield (diag2-14) can come off first. (Woo hoo I found a 5 mm hex wrench that had vanished 4 years ago.)
- I've left connectors that don't have to be removed colored black.
- The silver oil line (not shown in diags., but is shown below in photos) should be unfastened from the engine block so that it can be slid back off the coolant flange stud.
- The bolts (diag2-#24) to the combi-valve are long. It's easier to loosen them and remove the valve with the bolts.
- The bolts for the pipes and combi-valve and the coolant flange are torqued to 10 Nm (no way to get a torque wrench in there. 10 Nm is 7 lbs of force at a distance of 1 foot--maybe 20 to 30 lbs using a short crescent wrench, but by no means brute force.) As far as the coolant flange goes it tightens down flush to the engine head squishing the o-ring by the designed amount. No further tightening will change that.
- The connector to the sensor on the camshaft chain tensioner above the coolant flange can be removed. Pull off the wire clip. Then slide off the connector.
- I also pulled the coil pack wire harness for the spark plugs out of the way. You should probably cover the ground cable end so you don't accidentally short anything if you haven't disconnected the battery.
If you weren't optimistic, but you've gotten this far and have access to the flange it's time to drain the coolant. If you plan on flushing the coolant because it is brown due to some incompetent filling with the wrong coolant then do that first before opening all those pipes. I had recently done my timing belt so there was no need and I reused the coolant this time.
- Remove belly pan. Pull clip that retains temperature sensor. Pull sensor and drain into a bucket.
- The clip and o-ring for the sensor to drain the coolant are the same style used for the sensor at the top of the coolant flange.
- If you would also like a personal introduction to the type of quick-release hose connection at the bottom of the coolant flange (diag4-#38) that will be removed somewhat blindly, check out the other #38 hose on the driver side of your engine. The person who called that "quick" must have an f-ed up sense of time (at least it's quick to reattach).
- It's far easier to leave the side hose (daig4-#21) connected to the flange. Disconnect it from the metal tube that runs over the intake manifold. Mine had a pierced lobe with a hole to support another pipe (photo below). That was just one more of those cursed Audi hose clamps to remove where you can barely get to it.
Still don't know what's up with the part numbers. ETKA lists it as 06B-121-132-E (06B121132E). That's the number that comes up when looking on the online retailers. Still my old one turned out to be 06B121133 and even though I ordered the former I was sent 06B121133D. AutohausAZ wrote back informing me that's the most recent part number. As far as they can tell the design form hasn't changed but they may have changed the polymer.
Took another photo a few days later. No leaks.
If you notice any gross build-up of oil deposits with the oil filler cap removed now would also be a good time to remove the valve cover. A new valve cover gasket costs $15 online, but the gasket is sturdy. If you're careful once you start to work the cover loose and before pulling it away more than a few mm, use a dull screwdriver on the side of the gasket to loosen it wherever it is sticking to the cover so that it remains on the engine head. If you're not the careful type leave two nuts at opposite corners loosened a couple of mm while working the cover loose. The nuts go back on to 10 Nm starting with the center, then doing the outer nuts diagonally (I would use the torque wrench for these. Over tightening a rubber gasket isn't a good idea).